You recently started working for the largest map drawing company in the Netherlands. Part
of your job is to determine what the summits in a particular landscape are. Unfortunately, it
is not so easy to determine which points are summits and which are not, because we do not
want to call a small hump a summit. For example look at the landscape given by the sample
We call the points of height 3 summits, since there are no higher points. But although the
points of height 2, which are to the left of the summit of height 3, are all higher than or equal
to their immediate neighbours, we do not want to call them summits, because we can reach
a higher point from them without going to low (the summits of height 3). In contrast, we do
want to call the area of height 2 on the right a summit, since if we would want to walk to the
summit of height 3, we first have to descend to a point with height 0.
After the above example, we introduce the concept of a d-summit. A point, with height
h, is a d-summit if and only if it is impossible to reach a higher point without going through
an area with height smaller than or equal to h − d.
The problem is, given a rectangular grid of integer heights and an integer d, to find the
number of d-summits.
On the first line one positive number: the number of testcases, at most 100. After that per
• One line with three integers 1 <= h <= 500, 1 <= w <= 500 and 1 <= d <= 1 000 000 000. h
and w are the dimensions of the map. d is as defined in the text.
• h lines with w integers, where the xth integer on the yth line denotes the height 0 <=
h <= 1 000 000 000 of the point (x, y).
• One line with the number of summits.