## 1063 - Go

Time Limit : 1 Second

Memory Limit : 128 MB

Submission: 201

Solved: 100

Description
In the game of Go, two players alternate placing black and white stones on lattice points of an n × n grid,
each attempting to surround as much territory (i.e., regions of unfilled lattice points) as possible. At the
end of the game, the score for each player is the total area of the territory surrounded by his or her stones.
Given the locations of black and white stones on a Go board at the end of a match, your task is to compute
the score of each player in order to determine the winner.1
Formally, two grid lattice points with coordinates (r, c) and (r′, c′) are adjacent if |r − r′ | + |c − c′ | = 1. A
connected region of unfilled lattice points belongs to one player’s territory if all adjacent filled lattice points
contain stones belonging to that player. Finally, a player’s score consists of the number of
unfilled lattice points in his or her territory.

Figure 1: Diagram of a 9 × 9 Go board. Unfilled lattice points belonging to black’s territory are marked
with B, and unfilled lattice points belonging to white’s territory are marked with W. Neutral unfilled lattice
points are unmarked. In the game above, white wins by 21 − 3 = 18.
Input
The input test file will contain multiple cases, each consisting of three lines. Each test case begins with a line
containing three integers, n (where 1 ≤ n ≤ 19), b, and w (where b ≥ 0, w ≥ 0 and 1 ≤ b + w ≤ n2 ). Here,
n denotes the size of the board, b is the number of black pieces placed, and w is the number of white pieces
placed. The second line of each test case contains b pairs of integers r1 c1 . . . rb cb (where 1 ≤ ri , ci ≤ n)
indicating the positions of the b black stones. The third line of each test case contains w pairs of integers
r1' c1′. . . rw' cw' (where 1 ≤ ri' , ci′≤ n) indicating the positions of the w white stones. No two stones will be
located at the same lattice point. Input is terminated by a single line containing only the number 0; do not
process this line.
Output
For each test case, print either “White wins by ”, “Black wins by ”, or “Draw”.

sample input
```1 1 0
1 1
2 0 1
1 1
5 12 4
1 1 1 2 1 3 2 1 2 3 3 1 3 3 4 1 4 3 5 1 5 2 5 3
1 4 2 4 3 4 3 5
0
```
sample output
```Draw
White wins by 3
Black wins by 1
```
hint
source
Stanford Local 2007
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